To achieve good photographs it is very important to know what the photographic perspective is, which is the three-dimensional effect a photograph can have. Thanks to this, we can make some objects or subjects look bigger than others, in addition to creating the illusion that there is depth in the image.
To achieve this, you must have knowledge about photographic framing, composition, angles and the correct handling of a camera. As many techniques within this area, it has several types that we must master and thus know how to use them in each photo we take.
The types of perspective in photography that you should know
We have to differentiate between the different types of perspective in photography so that we know what we are doing, as well as exploring the one we like the most to include it in any photographic project we have in mind.
- The linear perspective in photography
This kind of linear perspective in photography is more geometric. The more lines you have, the better effect you have. This creates an illusion of depth and distance from the photographed object. They can be used on train tracks, on pillars, columns of an entrance, among others. This will make the illusion of close-ups, that is, you will have the feeling that the lines will come together at some point.
It also creates a better reading of the photo, since the first thing your eyes will see will be the lines when doing the visual tour. Try to lie flat or from a very low point for better image quality. One tip is to use a wide angle lens to fit everything you want in the photo. You can also use the following types of angles: zenithal, nadir, pitting and counter pitting.
- The aerial perspective in the photograph
The aerial or atmospheric perspective is used in landscapes with environmental conditions. This can be achieved through fog, rain, or anything else that creates remoteness. The farther away you think the object is, the better.
The shades used in this type of photography are in cold tones, such as blue or gray. Its main objective is to generate the illusion that there is something beyond what your eyes allow you to see, because the object is achieved when there is more distance between each object, as in this photograph.
- The photos with forced perspective
In this third type we have the photos with forced perspective that means to deceive the eye. It’s about playing with the mind using the optical illusion that will make objects look bigger or smaller, as well as closer or farther away.
To do this, the photographer has to have a lot of ingenuity when taking them and a lot of control over what he is doing, because it is very important where he is going to place the objects and where he is going to place himself, so that he can achieve effects like touching the sun or making a monument look like our size.
- The images with superimposed perspective
Sometimes it happens that we want to take a picture of two things, but one covers the other. So that’s where the perspective of overlap comes in. What we have to do is that both points help each other and generate depth at the most important point.
The more overlapping objects we use, the more illusion of depth we generate. As mentioned in the forced style, here too much depends on the photographer’s mastery of where to place himself to create the expected effect.